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Emerging markets look well placed to weather hike cycle

Many EM countries look to be in good shape to weather the US Fed’s interest rate tightening cycle this time around. Pendal’s JAMES SYME explains why

HOW will higher US interest rates play out for emerging markets?

Historically, the answer is not well. As the US Federal Reserve lifts rates, the conventional wisdom is that emerging market economies need to keep pace to avoid capital outflows, putting a dampener on their economies.

But there are some nuances to keep in mind that might mean this time is different, says Pendal’s James Syme.

“There’s a lot of concern in market that when the Fed starts hiking, emerging markets are going have to put through a big chunk of interest rate hikes in order to keep up,” says Syme, who co-manages Pendal Global Emerging Markets Opportunities fund.

“But our view is that emerging markets have been hiking hard for some time now — and it actually looks like it is the Fed that is significantly behind the curve.”

EMs hike hard

Brazil’s central bank has raised policy interest rates nine times since the first post-pandemic hike in March 2021. Rates have been lifted by 9.75 percentage points to 11.75 per cent.

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Pendal Global Emerging Markets Opportunities Fund

“The implication is that if the Fed has to do 400 basis points in hikes, that doesn’t mean Brazil is going to have to.”

The story is similar in other emerging markets.

The South African Reserve Bank has lifted rates three times by 25 basis points each since it started hiking in November. Mexico has lifted rates seven times from 4 per cent to 6.5 per cent since mid-last year.

Syme says the Mexican example illustrates the difference between the way the US and emerging markets are tackling inflation.

“Think about how tightly coupled Mexico and the US are. Mexican consumer price inflation is about 7.5 per cent, a percentage point slower than in the US. But Mexican policy rates are six percentage points higher than the US.

Quicker than the Fed

“If you look just at the inflation dynamics, yes you might need some more hikes out of some of these emerging markets central banks to get to the top of the cycle. But the central bank that looks like it’s going to have to go a lot quicker is the Fed.

“And that doesn’t automatically turn into a one-to-one relationship with hikes in the emerging world.”

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The implication for emerging markets is they look to be in much better shape to weather the US Fed’s interest rate tightening cycle this time around, says Syme.

Still, there is a question for investors as to why the Fed is moving more slowly than its emerging markets.

“Maybe the Fed is right — maybe there’s much more deflation coming than we can see in trailing data,” says Syme.

“But if that’s the case, then we could be getting to the top of emerging markets interest rate cycles.

“If that’s true, maybe we can start cutting rates again.”


About James Syme and Pendal Global Emerging Markets Opportunities Fund

James Syme is a senior portfolio manager of Pendal’s Global Emerging Markets Opportunities Fund with Paul Wimborne.

The fund aims to add value through a combination of country allocation and individual stock selection.

The country allocation process is based on analysis of a country’s economic growth, monetary policy, market liquidity, currency, governance/politics and equity market valuation.

The stock selection process focuses on buying quality growth stocks at attractive valuations.

Find out more about Pendal Global Emerging Markets Opportunities Fund here
 
Pendal is an independent, global investment management business focused on delivering superior investment returns for our clients through active management.

Contact a Pendal key account manager here


This information has been prepared by Pendal Fund Services Limited (PFSL) ABN 13 161 249 332, AFSL No 431426 and is current as at May 12, 2022.

PFSL is the responsible entity and issuer of units in the Pendal Global Emerging Markets Opportunities Fund (Fund) ARSN: 159 605 811. A product disclosure statement (PDS) is available for the Fund and can be obtained by calling 1300 346 821 or visiting www.pendalgroup.com. The Target Market Determination (TMD) for the Fund is available at www.pendalgroup.com/ddo. You should obtain and consider the PDS and the TMD before deciding whether to acquire, continue to hold or dispose of units in the Fund.

An investment in the Fund or any of the funds referred to in this web page is subject to investment risk, including possible delays in repayment of withdrawal proceeds and loss of income and principal invested.

This information is for general purposes only, should not be considered as a comprehensive statement on any matter and should not be relied upon as such. It has been prepared without taking into account any recipient’s personal objectives, financial situation or needs. Because of this, recipients should, before acting on this information, consider its appropriateness having regard to their individual objectives, financial situation and needs. This information is not to be regarded as a securities recommendation.

The information may contain material provided by third parties, is given in good faith and has been derived from sources believed to be accurate as at its issue date. While such material is published with necessary permission, and while all reasonable care has been taken to ensure that the information is complete and correct, to the maximum extent permitted by law neither PFSL nor any company in the Pendal group accepts any responsibility or liability for the accuracy or completeness of this information.

Performance figures are calculated in accordance with the Financial Services Council (FSC) standards. Performance data (post-fee) assumes reinvestment of distributions and is calculated using exit prices, net of management costs. Performance data (pre-fee) is calculated by adding back management costs to the post-fee performance. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance.

Any projections are predictive only and should not be relied upon when making an investment decision or recommendation. Whilst we have used every effort to ensure that the assumptions on which the projections are based are reasonable, the projections may be based on incorrect assumptions or may not take into account known or unknown risks and uncertainties. The actual results may differ materially from these projections.

For more information, please call Customer Relations on 1300 346 821 8am to 6pm (Sydney time) or visit our website www.pendalgroup.com

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